We come now to the climax and foundation of the Christian argument for nonviolence—the life and example of Jesus. When we look at Jesus’ life, we find that Jesus’ life and example was extremely nonviolent. In order to see this, though, we should first look at the context in which Jesus lived and the expectations that Jews had for what a Messiah would look like.
During New Testament times, it was expected that the Messiah would be a king who delivered the Jews out from oppression and bring his own kingdom. Many, if not all, Jews expected this to happen through a violent revolution. If you read Josephus, for instance, you see some stories of these Jewish Messiah figures and the revolutions they started. From the Bible and other sources, we know of Judas of Galilee, Manahem Ben Judah and the Sicarri, and Theudas, among others—Messiah figures who all led violent revolts.
We know the story of Gamaliel in Acts 5. The Jewish leaders had become upset at some of Jesus’ followers and planned to move against them. Gamaliel warns the other leaders and says, basically, “Be careful! If this movement is of human origin, it will die out like all the other false messiahs’ movements died out. But if it is of divine origin, then you will be working against God! Best leave well enough alone.” Gamaliel is here referencing other messiahs who had led violent revolts, who had been killed and whose movements had then died. Gamaliel knew that these previous Messianic figures had led violent revolts. (It is interesting, in this context, that at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry, when he is tempted in the desert, the temptations have to do with Jesus taking up kingdoms and practicing power in ways that more traditionally align with Jewish expectations of the Messiah.)
It is in this context and with these expectations that Jesus begins his ministry. Jesus does claim to be the Messiah, and this is clear because he is eventually crucified, probably for sedition and blasphemy—claiming to be God, and claiming to be king. But Jesus does not turn out to be the kind of Messiah the Jews were looking for. Continue reading
We’ve just finished talking about loving your enemy. In Matthew 22:34 we read of a time when an expert in the law comes to Jesus trying to trap him. He asks Jesus, “What is the greatest commandment?” Jesus answers, “Love the Lord your God with all your heart, mind, soul and strength, and the second is like it—love your neighbor as yourself. All the Law and Prophets hang on this.” Jesus knew that love was at the heart of all the Scriptures, and if he appealed to love, all other laws would be covered in that one.
In Luke 10:25, something similar happens, but with a different twist. In Luke, a lawyer asks Jesus, “What must I do to inherit eternal life?” Jesus says, “What do the Scriptures say?” The lawyer replies, “Love the Lord your God with all your heart, mind, soul and strength, and love your neighbor as yourself.” Jesus says, “That’s right. Do this and you will live.” The lawyer, perhaps looking for a loophole, says, “Well, then, who is my neighbor?” Who counts? Who do I have to love? Who can I get away with not loving?
Jesus answers by telling the parable of the Good Samaritan. Continue reading
As we move in our discussion of nonviolence from the Old Testament to the New Testament, we will start with Matthew 5—the Sermon on the Mount. The Sermon begins with a series of blessings that we know as the Beatitudes. In many cases, though, the people who Jesus says will be blessed are the exact opposite of those who seem to be blessed. For instance, “Blessed are those who mourn…”, “Blessed are the persecuted…”, “Blessed are the meek…”, and “Blessed are the poor in spirit…”. Among those who are blessed, Jesus says, are the peacemakers. Not those who use less evil to stop greater evil, but those who actually make peace. With these words and this Sermon, Jesus begins building his Kingdom. But his is an upside down kingdom; a kingdom built not by power, violence and political position, but by mercy, suffering and ultimately love.
At the core of the Sermon, in verses 13-16, Jesus tells us why we are to act and live in a different way. “You are the light of the world…”, Jesus says. As followers of Jesus, we are to look different, to shine out to everyone we come into contact with, so that all men might see God through us. “You are the salt of the earth…”, Jesus says. As followers of Jesus, we are to add a different “taste” to life. We are to preserve it. If we no longer look different than the world, Continue reading
In our last post we spoke about creation, and the fact that humanity was created by God, in the image of God. Because of this, all human life is sacred. From here, we move to the prophets, in particular, Isaiah and Micah. The passages we want to focus on are Isaiah 2:2-5 and Micah 4:3-5. These passages are in large part parallel, so we will discuss them both together. These passages are prophecy about what will happen “in the last days”. At that time, the prophets tell us, God will judge between nations and settle disputes between nations. He will teach us (his people) his ways, and we will live in them. God’s people will “beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, and they will train for war no more.”
Now, when we hear “in the last days”, we think of what we call the End Times—in other words, Jesus’ Second Coming and all the events that come before and after that. But we have to be careful, because there is a distinction in the Bible between “the Last Day”, and “in the last days”. When we hear about “the Last Day” or “the Day of the Lord’s Judgment”, that is indeed talking about the final judgment. But when we hear “in the last days”, the Biblical authors are speaking about something that has already begun—the Kingdom of God. How do we know this? Well, take, for instance, Acts 2:17, where Peter speaks says that “in the last days” God will pour out his Spirit on people, and then that continues to happen throughout Chapter 2 and the whole book of Acts. What happens “in the last days” has already started happening.
So what is the implication, then? The implication is that followers of Jesus should already be living into the Kingdom of God, not simply holding out and waiting for the Second Coming. What does that look like? Continue reading
Life is sacred. This is a truth that most religions and all Christians would agree on. Life is sacred. But where do we get this from? Why do we believe life is sacred?
We get it mostly from Genesis. There are other Scriptures that support his idea, like Psalm 139:19, but we mostly get it from the creation story. God created everything, and called it good. Then God makes humans and calls them very good. The author of Genesis notes that humans were created “in the image of God”. This sets humanity apart from the rest of creation. Humanity was created in order to reflect God’s image back into all of creation. The fact that we were created by God, in the image of God, is the foundation of what makes life sacred.
Some have questioned whether this fact is negated when sin enters the world. Is life less sacred because the world is now fallen? Continue reading